Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Written Communication Skills are Essential

Written Communication

Have you ever read a terrible piece of written communication? Have you ever had to critique one? Well, here is an example of a College student's demonstration of terrible writing abilities. From grammar problems to a lack of critical thinking skills, you will be appalled:

My local products is the laptop computer they are all over the world, so this is a good product.
In the Countries of Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC).

For some time Brazil and Russia and, India and China have been grouped together under

together under the acronym BRIC. The BRIC are described as countries at the same stage of

economic development, but yet at the point where they would be considered more developed

countries. The BRIC position argue that, since the four countries are “developed rapid” Their

combined economies could eclipse the collective economics of the current richest countries of

the world by 2050.

Average income

Average income in 2009 was 8,373, in 2010 was 10,978, in 2011 was 12,576, and in 2012 was

down to 11,340 GDP against United States Dollars.


Average income in 2009 was 3,749, in 2010 was 4,433, in 2011 was 5,447, and in 2012 was 6,

091 GDP against United State Dollars.


 Average income in 2009 was 1,147, in 2010 was 1,417, in 2011 was 1,540, and in 2012 was

1,503 GDP against Unites States Dollars.


Average income in 2009 was 8,616, in 2010 was 10,710, in 2011 was 13,284 and in 2012 was

14,037 GDP against United States.

Average Family demographic:
Population mid 2011 (millions)
Brazil is 197, Russian is 143, India is 1,241, China is 1,346. Population in 2050 Brazil is 223,

Russia is 126 India is 1,692 and China is 1,313. Age is all important for its effect on the size of

the labor force. Indian remains a rather young country with 33 percent of its population below

age of 15, Brazil is not far behind at 25 percent, while China and Russia, due to their very low

birth rates, only 17 and 15 percent, respectively.

The population of all four BRIC countries are quite different, primary a result from of their

different birth histories. Brazil and China are somewhat similar, reflecting their transition to low

birth rates. Brazil birth rate is now at a low, industrialized country level of 1.9 children,

industrialized- country level of 1.9 children per woman. India has also made considerable

progress in it birth rates is 2.6.   

China and Russia present two unusual age structures. China results from a number of mass

deaths, social disruption, and the country’s “one Child “policy, all of which affected the

population structure. In Russia, the economic disruption following dropped below 1.2 1999,

although it has risen to nearly 1.6 by 2010 (a Slowed in 2011). India is the “youngest” country of

the group, even by 2050, the 0-4 age group will be virtually equal to the 5-9 group.


Global demographic transition has transformation the economic and demographic life cycle of

individuals, and rearranged population in  a way not imagined 100 years ago (Lee 2003; Kirk

1996). Demography, thus, has become an object of interest in many area, such as economic and

health. In education, population changes are also a central issue.

Because the student flows and composition are largely influenced by demographic trends

changes in population dynamic have become a central educational policy planning (Heffner

1981; willekens 2008). Considering the pace and a magnitude of population changes, it can be

predicted that developed countries will face a stagnation (or even a decline) in Education

participation among the relevant group in the long run.

Recent and projected evidence suggest that, in most developed societies, growth in enrollment is

likely to be slower (or even negative) as a result of aging populations, and thus, clientele

(Student) will tend to be older and more diverse than the past (Murdock and Hogue 1999; Hufner

1981; Trow1976; Vincent-Lancrin 2008).

In the developing world, the case of Brazil, Russia India and China (BRIC) is particularly

interesting for the study of the impact of demographic changes. Brazil, Russia, India and China

accounted 42 percent of the world’s population growth and approximately 30 percent of the

world’s land mass (World Bank 2011). Nevertheless, these countries exhibit considerable

diversity in regards to the stage and pace of their demographic.

Since the end of the cold war and the expansion of global trade and investment, one of the major

risks for those interested in entering new economic s is the so called political risk. It refers to the

obstacles and complications business may face from political decision within markets they enter A Report from Price waterhouseCooper and the consultancy Eurasia group define “any political

change that alters the expected outcome and a value of a given economic action by changing the

probability of achieving business objectives”. Essentially, it refer to government obstacles that

companies from market economies can face in emerging economies, where state participation

and intervention in doing business larger.


  Brazihas been the economic miracle of Latin American, having recently surpassed the UK as

the sixth economy in the world. Even though the years of dictatorship aren’t too far away,

political system is based on democratic principles with the risk of intension political conflict low

for the moments. The government, even though it tends to impose duties and taxes to protect

industries, doesn’t seem eager to engage in behavior which destruct competition, as other Latin

American economics did recently.

Inflation remains high, and the same stands true about the rich-poor gap even though. These

however do not impose threat for brazil‘s economy, as the county is rich in natural resources,

while the government is adopting an array of social policies.     

The Country had had a long story of instability , since end of the Russian empire. In the recent

years, with the iron will of Vladimir Putin, the country economy has stabilized, making it a safer

place to invest in. Even though many project-specific risks remain, and bribe might always

require, you can feel safer now for making an investment there, at least for the next 12 years that

President Putin to stay in power. Even though a number of social reaction occur, these do not impose a great risk for the country, as least for the from rest political parties. As many Russian

friends say, “We never had Democracy, extended freedom will create us problems, and everyone

will want to become a President”.  (BRIC –content 2012).


 The country has a long history if democratic institution, making the creation of large political

disputes unlikely. Moreover, the country seems to have large growth opportunities, expected to

surpass China over the next decades, which will result on improvement of the life levels of many

Indians. Moreover, the national culture is widely influenced by the notions of casts, which is

translated currently in people more or less to remain in the social class they were when they were

born, lowering the risk or large scale social reactions and shifts of power.  

 Chain has experience rapid growth in the recent years. Even through political scandals have

been arising from time to time, with most recent Bo Xital case, government remains powerful,

and disputes within the higher level of the Communist Party are unlikely. Problems however

might start appearing from social reactions of Chinese people, reaction facing constant inflation,

with cost of living, forbidding marriage! The high number of who have studied and live a broad

carry different experiences, which, couple by the corruption of politicians and the need of guanxi

in order to succeed can result in the creation of social anger, especially when the rapid growth

will stop.


Among, factors affecting employment risk, government effectiveness and the legal and

regulatory system appear to be the most important. All four countries are plagued by corruption

and opaque government policies and regulations. Consequently, high risks in employing people

in these locations   arise of due to the lack of clarity and inconsistencies in employment

regulations. Often times, external counsels or consultations are required in order for companies,

especially the foreign ones, to negative their way through myriad complicated and inconsistent

employment lases. While ineffective government is often the norm in most developing countries,

some developing countries are making it an exception, counting on government effectiveness to

improve their overall development.

Nationalism, National sentiment is another issues that could work against foreign companies in

BRIC, where foreign companies may find themselves at a disadvantage as compared with local

firms. Such sentiment seems stronger in Russia, which has a long history of strong nationalism

as reflected in a series of violated anti-migrants incident in recent months. Nevertheless, national

is sentiment is almost as worrying in other BRIC countries. In India, for instances, regional

political power sometimes pressures companies hires” sons of the soil” ahead of workers from

other regional regions. China has also witness public protect aimed at foreign business under the

pretext of nationalism. In additions, political–motivated interference in labor disputes is also

common in BRIC.    

    Unemployment -BRIC
     Brazil as last 4.90% before that is 5.00 the highest 13.10% the lowest is 4.30%

     India as last is 3. 80 before that was 9.40% the highest is 9.40 % the lowest is 3.80%
     Russia as last is 4.90% the highest is 5.30% Highest is 14.10% the lowest is 4.90%
   China as last is 4.10 % the highest is 4.10% Highest is 4.30 % the lowest is 3.90%

Class Structure:

 The world will for the first time in history, move from being mostly poor to mostly middle class

by 2022, (The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development projects). Asians, by

some Asians, by prediction, could constitute as much as two-thirds of global middle class,

shifting the balance of economic power from the West to the East.  
In today middle class boom is unlikely the Industrial Revolution, in which rising prosperity

became a catalyst for increased individual and political freedom. Those in the emerging global

middle class- from an Indiana acquiring a flush toilet at home to a Brazilian who can afford a

private school to a Chinese lawyer with a new car in the driveway, are likely to redefine  their

traditional roles and in doing so, redefine the world itself.

“I would expect that as the global middle life class gets transformed by the entrance  

of hundreds of millions of Indians, Brazilian, Chinese families , the concept of what we see as

the middle-class values may change” Says Sonalde Desai a sociologist with the National Council

of Applied Economic Research (NCAR).

5 Top export/Import

Brazil Export:
1. Iron Ore, 2. Crude Oil, 3. Soybeans, 4. Sugar, 5. Poultry.

Brazil Import:

1. Crude Oil, 2. Automotive, 3. Liquid oils, 4. Auto parts, 5. Drugs and Medicine.

1. Mineral Fuels including oil, 2. Iron and steel, 3. Pearls, gems, precious metals and coins, 4.

Fertilizers, 5. Machinery.

1. Machines, engine, pumps, 2. Vehicle, 3. Electronic equipment , 4. Pharmaceuticals 5. Medical,

technical equipment.

India Export:

1. Live animal 2. Milk products, 3. Wheat, Rice, coffee, tea, spices.4. Medicines, 5. Fertilizers

 1. Gems & Jewelry, 2. Petroleum (Crude & Products), 3. RMG Cotton Included Accessories, 4.

Machinery & Instruments 5. Drugs Phrimcutes & Fine Chemls.

China Export:
1. Electric equipment 2. Machines engines, Pump 3. Knit or crochet, 4. Clothes, 5. Furniture.

Electronics 2. Machinery, 3. Medicals technical equipment, 4.Vehicle .5. Iron & Steel  

 BRIC real GDP measures the total value of all goods and services produced by all four BRIC

countries adjusted for inflation. The four main components of GDP are personal consumption

expenditures, gross private domestic investment, net export and government spending.

 Data and projections are sourced from international Monetary Fund (IMF), which updates data


 Since the late 1990’s, the BRIC nations’ growth has far outpaced that of the United States and

the European Union. As such, The BRIC countries have been increasingly referred to as a

symbol of a shift in the global economic away from developed G7 (Plus Russia?), economies

toward developing  world.  As evidenced in the chart above, each country has grown rapidly over

the past decade, far outpacing the United States, the European Union and other developed

nations. Over the next decade, this trend is expected to continue to remain above 10%, far

outpacing that of the developed world.

The BRIC countries are typically lumped together because each country is deemed to by at a

similar stage of newly advanced economic development. Growth has been driven by each

country’s ability to change its political system and embrace capitalism. In Addition, each nation

contains vast nation resources and large populations. In total, the four BRIC countries encompass

over 25% of the world’s land coverage, contain about 40% of the world’s population and account

for about 17% of the world economy.

 Despite rapid growth, each BRIC country already accounts for a large portion of world GDP;

China is the second largest economy in the world, While Brazil is the 7th, India is the 10th and

Russia is the 11th. AS result, the combined economies could eclipse the combined economies of

the current richest countries by 2050. Under this scenario, it is expected China and India will

become the dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services, with Brazil and

Russia gaining dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Brazil is dominant in soy and iron ore and

also contains vast oil reserves while Russia has enormous supplies of energy resources, particular

oil and national gas.

The revenue generation from BRIC countries are follows:

Brazil Export is $3,254.00 Billion,  Imports is  $1,948.8 Billion

Russia Export is $3,337.60 Billion, Imports is $1,88.03 Billon

India Export is   $1,575.20 Billion  Imports is $3,315.70 Billion

China Export is $1,286.20 Billion,  Imports is $1,154.90 Billion
Total Export is 9,453.00 Billion       Total Imports is 6,607.43 Billion

Companies from developed countries are increasingly investing heavily in emerging markets to

participate in the tremendous growth. The BRIC countries are the preferred destination for these


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) feel sharply last year to $1Trillion from $1.7 Trillion in 2008

(UNCTAD). However, the overall trend of FDI flow is still up in last decade since FDI into

many of the emerging countries peaked in 2008.  

According to Economist javiar Santiso in the rise of euro-emerging multinationals, “China drew

a comfortable $ 90 billion from foreign companies investing in the country’s factories and other

productive assets in 2009 alone, China attracted more than $12 billion in FDI, up 103% from a

year earlier. In Brazil, FDI fell by half in 2009 but from a historical records in 2008 of $45

Debts clock

Brazil 1st clock debt clock to the public: 61.6445963; 2nd debt clock to GDP is 24.73564%

Russia 1st clock debt clock to the public: 6.7447431; 2nd debt clock to GDP is 32.857060%

India 1st debt clock to the public: 46.3868797; 2nd debt clock to GDP is 24.40035663 %

China 1st debt clock to the public: 19.6782919; 2nd debt clock to GDP is 7.038912 %

1. Suzuki Motors Japan, 2. Hyundai Motors Korea, 3. Hankook Tire Korea, 4. BBVA            

Europe, 5. HSBC Europe



2.    07/09/2014

3. 07/09/2014


5. 07/09/2014

6. Brazil export.htm



9. 07/08/2014

10. 05/22/2104

11. Mireles Guimaras Rangel Raquel, The future of higher education in BRIC countries

12. 07/09/2014

13. Sincavage, Jessica R., Carl Haub and Sharam, O.P. “Lobar Cost in India Organized

  Manufacturing Sector,” Monthly Labour Review 133, no 5. (2010):3-22 (Prb Org).

 14. 09/08/2014 7/10/2014 7/10/2014 7/10/2014 7/10/14 7/11/2014 7/11/2014 7/11/2014 7/11/2014

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