I do not agree with your statement about an international business strategy needing “top executives” to actively define the strategic direction. According to Thompson, Peteraf, Gamble, and Strickland (2018) this is a collaborative effort by all members of the organization with management and leadership roles that include not only senior/top executives, but also “heads of major business divisions, functional area managers, and operating managers” that are actively in the frontlines making sure that these plans come to fruition. I do however agree that top executives need to be involved in all facets of strategic planning, whether it is at home or in international markets. Strategic planning as I see it involves everyone within an organization, as there are those tasked with planning and setting objectives, and those that actually executing them, without each other a strategic plan would just be a plan and would not succeed without all the members of an organization, again, this is either at home or abroad.
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